Ikebana (生け花, "living flowers") is the Japanese art of flower arrangement, also known as kadō (華道, the "way of flowers").
Ikebana is a disciplined art form that often emphasizes other areas of the plant aside from the flower itself, such as its stems and leaves, and draws emphasis toward shape, line, form in addition to colour. Though ikebana is a creative expression, it has certain rules governing its form.
Another aspect present in ikebana is its employment of minimalism. That is, an arrangement may consist of only a minimal number of blooms interspersed among stalks and leaves. The structure of a Japanese flower arrangement is based on a scalene triangle delineated by three main points, usually twigs, considered in some schools to symbolize heaven, earth, and man and in others sun, moon, and earth. The container is a key element of the composition, and various styles of pottery may be used in their construction.
- Ikebana evolved from the Buddhist practice of offering flowers to the spirits of the dead.